Membrane-based separation technology has been widely used for various water treatments. However, because of the nature of filtration, contaminants that are removed by the membrane tend to deposit on the membrane surface, resulting in pore blocking and permeate flux reduction. This phenomenon, referred to as membrane fouling, occurs in almost all membrane processes. Various strategies have been developed to tackle the issue, including pretreatment of raw source waters by coagulation. Compared with conventional adsorbents and coagulants, heated aluminum oxide particles (HAOPs) have been found to be more effective in organic matter removal for various source waters including surface water, seawater and effluents from membrane bioreactor (MBR). As a result, raw water pretreatment using HAOPs can mitigate organic fouling in subsequent membrane processes significantly. Furthermore, the sludge generated during the pre-treatment using HAOPs is far easier to dewater than that generated using conventional coagulants, saving the costs both in the dewatering step and the subsequent sludge transport and disposal steps. Finally, HAOPs-based treatment is much more robust and reliable than the conventional coagulation-based processes under conditions of fluctuating influent composition.The technology owner is interested in seeking technology licensing collaborator or manufacturing partner.